Adjusting to Europe : The Impact of the European Union on National Institutions
Sous la direction d’Yves Mény, Pierre Muller et Jean Louis Quermonne.
Contribution d’Élie Cohen : Europe between market and power : industrial policies - specialization, technology, competition and foreign trade.
Résumé : The European Union is paradoxical : it is not a state, yet it performs many traditional functions of the state. Its regulatory powers are immense but its redistributive functions are negligible ; its decisions penetrate all aspects of economic and social life, yet Brussels has no local administration or tribunals, no controllers capable of guaranteeing the correct and faithful implementation of the regulations or objectives which frame European policies.
Adjusting to Europe explores the means through which this paradox is confronted. It examines the nature and modalities of policy-making at Community level and discusses the implications of the specific nature of European institiutions for bargaining group mobilization and policy style. It then studies how the three major nation states have adjusted their policy processes and institutions to the European challenges. Finally, it considers the impact of community decisions in three areas : industrial, competition and social policy.